CACRM makes IVF success possible for more intended parents

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection – ICSI – is a micromanipulation technique most commonly utilized to overcome male infertility. It is used in in vitro fertilization (IVF) when a single sperm is injected directly into an egg, under a specialized microscope, to assist fertilization. ICSI, pronounced icksy, is a proven method to increase the fertilization rates of oocytes in the IVF laboratory.

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) differs from conventional in vitro fertilization where fertilization takes place in a dish where many sperm are placed near an egg.

CACRM utilizes ICSI with all most IVF patients to maximize the number of eggs to be fertilized and attempt to avoid fertilization failure, thereby increasing the potential amount of embryos created.

Which Patients Will Benefit from ICSI?

CACRM uses ICSI for most patients we treat with IVF. It can especially benefit patients with:

  • Male factor fertility
  • A history of unsuccessful IVF attempts
  • Failed fertilization
  • Those who want to undergo preimplantation genetic testing

Male Factor Fertility

Patients with male factor issues such as low sperm count, low sperm motility (movement), and poor sperm quality could benefit from ICSI with IVF. Any of these sperm factors decreases the odds that sperm will naturally fertilize the egg in traditional IVF.

A semen analysis will screen these factors parameters to determine sperm health. Approximately 40% of infertility diagnoses are related to a male fertility issue.

Men have oligospermia, a low sperm count, when they have fewer than 15 million sperm per milliliter of sperm in their ejaculate. Azoospermia occurs when a man has no sperm in his semen.

Though many men with a low sperm count can father children without intervention, having this diagnosis lowers their chances of conceiving naturally.

Causes of Male Infertility

  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Genetic and chromosomal problems
  • Structural abnormalities of the male reproductive system, undescended testicles, and varioceles (varicose veins around the testicles)
  • The effects of certain medications and infections
  • Anti-sperm antibodies
  • Prior surgeries like vasectomies
  • Obesity, recreational drugs, excessive alcohol, and lifestyle habits
  • Environmental toxins
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