WebMD’s article, “Using a Surrogate Mother: What You Need to Know”, provides a good overview of the surrogacy process. Patients can utilize the services of IVF/surrogacy in which the process of in vitro fertilization (IVF), the biological mother’s egg is fertilized by the biological father’s sperm (or donor sperm or egg donor in special circumstances), and placed into a surrogate who does not have any genetic ties to the child. The gestational surrogate is called the “birth mother”. Gestational surrogacy is not legally complex, since the intended parents both have genetic ties to the child. It is because of this fact that gestational surrogacy is becoming more and more popular. Per WebMD, an estimated 750 children are born each year through gestational surrogacy.
Surrogacy is a viable option for those with medical issues that pregnancy is contraindicated or impossible such as a history of cancer or a hysterectomy. While others turn to surrogacy from failure to conceive for several IVF cycles, or same sex male couples, where surrogacy is the only method for them to have a family. Others turn to surrogacy because they may not be able to adopt a child, due to their age or marital status.
When selecting a surrogate, there are a few options. For example, some choose friends or family to become surrogates, while others select a surrogate through a surrogacy agency. Although there are not any ASRM guidelines or laws regarding the requirements to become a surrogate mother, the surrogate should be at least 21 years old and not older than 45, have given birth to at least one baby, pass a psychological screening with a mental health professional and a criminal background check. After medical clearance, the surrogate signs a contract that details the surrogates role and responsibilities during the pregnancy then treatment may commence.
At CACRM, your journey of IVF/Surrogacy starts with an experienced team of fertility specialists awaiting to facilitate and support your dreams towards parenthood. We believe that everyone who dreams of having a healthy family should have the opportunity. Please feel free to contact our office to schedule a consultation to discuss how to begin your journey.